Teny iditra Campbell: An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750-1895
Sokajin-teny anarana (lohatenin' boky na teatira)
Zana-dohateny The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire
Mpanoratra Campbell Gwyn, 2005
Habeny Ambainy: 6in. Haavony: 9in. Takila: 414.
Fanoritsoritana The first comprehensive economic history of pre-colonial Madagascar, this study examines the island's role from 1750 to 1895 in the context of a burgeoning international economy and the rise of modern European imperialism. This study reveals that the Merina of the Central Highlands attempted to found an island empire and through the exploitation of its human and natural resources build the economic and military might to challenge British and French pretensions in the region. Ultimately, the Merina failed due to imperial forced labour policies and natural disasters, the nefarious consequences of which (disease; depopulation; ethnic enmity) have in traditional histories been imputed to external capitalist and French colonial policies.

The author, Professor Gwyn Campbell, is Canada Research Chair in Indian Ocean World History, and Director of the Indian Ocean World Centre, at McGill University in Montréal.

Tsanganana sy sary iray takila Ny lohateny rehetra
Sary 

2017/11/08